Situated apart and occupying a whole continent, Australia is a popular tourist destination for those who have already traveled half the world and decided to please themselves with something especially exotic. It has its own animal and plant world, different from others, magnificent nature reserves and special national traditions underlying the culture of Australia. It was formed as a result of the harmonious blending of cultures of European immigrants and indigenous people.
Literature as a mirror of society
The development of the literary genre of the culture of Australia can be divided into three stages. The beginning of its formation falls on the first years of the XIX century when the successors of English literary traditions settled on a distant continent. By the end of the century, Australian writers are becoming more and more inclined towards the national character of their works, and in the 20th century, due to the rise of the democratic movement, books are becoming more realistic, and their stories increasingly reflect the ordinary life of Australians.
The harsh everyday lives of the people were most vividly portrayed in their novels by T. Collins and G. Lawson, and they were reliably told in the novels by G. G. Robertson about immigrant life.
Victorian style and glitter new era
The influence of the architectural traditions of England in the culture of Australia is reflected in the construction of cities. The nineteenth century was marked by the construction of mansions in full accordance with the canons of the Georgian style. The buildings had a simple form, but they looked quite solid. The main features characteristic of the houses of that time are fan-shaped windows that adorned the facade, and symmetrically arranged chimneys. Fans of architectural attractions in Australia have something to look at:
- The lighthouse on Cape South works by architect Francis Greenaway.
- The temples of St. James in Sydney and St. Matthew in Windsor.
- Mansion Elizabeth Bey House.
- Parliament building in Victoria.
- St. Patrick’s Cathedral in Melbourne.
Melbourne became the focus of buildings built in the Victorian style. Some pomp and massiveness characterize it. Modern architectural structures on a distant continent also attract particular attention.